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Java Objects

Java Objects: A Comprehensive Guide from Basics to Intermediate Concepts

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introduction to Java Objects

Java Objects | Java is a popular programming language known for its versatility and object-oriented nature. At the core of Java is the concept of objects, which allows developers to model real-world objects and their behavior in code. Understanding Java objects is essential for any programmer who wants to create robust and maintainable software. In this blog post, we’ll explore the basics of Java objects and dive deep into intermediate concepts to help you master this important part of Java programming.

Click Here to read Method Overloading in Java

Objects: The building blocks of Java

Java building blocks Java has everything. Objects are instances of classes, blueprints, or templates that define the properties and behavior of objects. You need to follow these steps to create an object in Java.

  • Declare a class
  • Instantiate the class using the ‘new’ keyword
  • Access the properties and methods of the object using the dot notation
// Step 1: Declare a class
public class Car {
    // Step 2: Define properties
    String brand;
    String model;
    int year;

    // Step 3: Define methods
    void start() {
        System.out.println("The car is starting...");
// Step 4: Instantiate the class
Car myCar = new Car();

// Step 5: Access properties and methods
myCar.brand = "Toyota";
myCar.model = "Camry";
myCar.year = 2023;

Constructors: Initializing Objects

Constructors are essential ways to start creating objects. They have the same name as the class and no return type. Java provides a default constructor with no arguments if you do not explicitly define a constructor. However, you can create custom constructors to set initial values ​​for object properties.

public class Person {
    String name;
    int age;

    // Default constructor
    public Person() {
        name = "Unknown";
        age = 0;

    // Custom constructor
    public Person(String name, int age) { = name;
        this.age = age;

// Instantiate objects using constructors
Person person1 = new Person();
Person person2 = new Person("John", 30);

Encapsulation: Access Modifiers and Getter/Setter Methods

Encapsulation is the concept of hiding the implementation information of an object and exposing only the necessary information in a public format. Java provides access modifiers such as public, private, safe, and default to control how class members (variables and methods) are visible.

public class BankAccount {
    private double balance;

    // Getter method
    public double getBalance() {
        return balance;

    // Setter method
    public void setBalance(double newBalance) {
        balance = newBalance;

BankAccount account = new BankAccount();
double currentBalance = account.getBalance();

Inheritance: Reusing and Extending Classes

Property An important aspect of object-oriented programming is that one class can inherit properties and methods from another. The subclass (derived class) inherits from the superclass (base class) and can add its specific properties and methods.

public class Animal {
    void makeSound() {
        System.out.println("Some generic animal sound.");

public class Dog extends Animal {
    void makeSound() {
        System.out.println("Woof! Woof!");


Understanding Java objects is essential for effective programming in Java. They allow us to model complex systems and build scalable modular applications. By understanding the basic and intermediate concepts of objects, you can create robust, maintainable, and efficient Java code. So, go ahead and start using objects in your code to unlock the full potential of Java’s object-oriented programming paradigm. Happy coding!

Click Here to read Java’s official documentation

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Santosh Adhikari

Hello, it's me Santosh Adhikari, from Kathmandu, Nepal. I'm a student of Science and Technology. I love new challenges and want to explore more on Software Quality Assurance. I want to be a professional SQA. I'm also interested in Blogging, SEO activities.
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